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Glossary of Terms
Bartels & Missey
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Abrasive Surface Tile

A floor tile that’s been made rough to be slip-resistant.

ABS

Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene; a plastic commonly used for piping. This plastic has a high resistance to heat, impacting and chemicals.

Accelerator

A material added to concrete, grout, mortar or plaster, to shorten setting time and increase strength.

Acrylic

A transparent plastic material commonly used in sheets for as a substitute for window glass and used in skylights.

Acrylic Paint

A type of paint similar to latex. Containing high pigment levels, dries fast and has good color retaining abilities.

Active Door

When referring to a pair of doors, it’s the leaf that opens first and the door to which locks are adapted.

Allowance

A budget set aside for expenses that arise during the course of a construction project such as accessories, fixtures and the like.

Architect

A licensed professional who designs or renovates commercial or residential buildings.

Asbestos

A material formerly used in construction. Exposure to asbestos over a long period of time has been proven to cause cancer. Asbestos removal is recommended for today’s remodeling.

Awning

A sheet of canvas or metal material stretched over a frame to shelter a window or doorway.

Awning Window

A window that is hinged at the top.


 

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Back Bar

A counter or shelving for bottles and glasses behind a bar.

Back Priming

Applying a coat of paint to the back of woodwork or exterior siding. This aids in preventing moisture from entering the wood and causing contracting and swelling.

Back Splash

A protective sheet or panel installed behind counters, sinks or washrooms.

Backset of a Hinge

The amount of space from the edge of the door to the hinge.

Back Wall

This wall faces a viewer who stands at the entrance to a shower, tub or room.

Balcony

A platform that protrudes outward from the home.

Ballast

An electrical device used in fluorescent and high intensity lamps, providing the essential circuit condition for starting and operation.

Banister

A railing along the side of a staircase or balcony. A handrail.

Barrel Ceiling

Referring to a rounded or semi-circular ceiling.

Baseboard

This board runs along the base of a floor, covering the gap between the floor and the adjoining wall.

Base Cabinet

Resting on the floor, these floor-mounted cabinets, usually include a counter, sink or appliance.

Basin

A type of sink that is circular in shape with sloping or curving sides.

Base Molding

Wood strip that trims the upper edge of a baseboard.

Base Shoe Molding

A strip of wood with a curved surface used to finish off the intersection of a base and floor.

Basecoat

A coat applied prior to applying the finish coat.

Bath Faucet

The valve used in drawing hot or cold water into a bathtub.

Bath Tub Door

Usually a folding or sliding door mounted to the bath tub rim to keep water within the tub area.

Bath Vanity

A bathroom cabinet with a bowl or basin mounted in the counter top.

Bathroom Lock

This non-keyed privacy lock is locked from the inside and can be opened from the outside using a small tool.

Bay Window

A curved, rectangular or polygonal window unit usually containing one large middle panel and two smaller side panels and protrudes outward from the home.

Bearing Capacity

The allowable bearing capacity. The maximum allowable load on a structural element.

Bearing Wall

A wall supporting any vertical loads in addition to its own weight.

Bedroom

Simply put, a room for sleeping.

Bid

A written proposal describing the project, the work to be performed and the cost.

Bid Time or Bid Date

The date and time specified by the architect and owner for the receiving of bid proposals.

Bidet

Originating in France, this personal hygiene bathroom fixture features hot and cold water which used primarily for cleansing the backside body parts.

Bird peck

A small hole or patch of knurly grain in wood created by birds pecking through the growing cells of a tree.

Blueprints

Used during planning and construction, these mechanical drawings are prepared by an architect, showing accurate details of a building or space.

Bow Window

A window unit composed of several panels forming a bow shape. A bow window protrudes outward from the home.

Bracket

A protruding support for a shelf.

Builder

One who does construction; a building contractor.

Building Code

A set of rules to govern the quality of construction, providing public health and safety.

Building Inspector

A public official whose job is to examine the work performed and determine conformity with the building code.

Built-In Shelving

Shelving permanently installed in a cabinet frame.


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Cabinet Drawer Guide

A wooden or metal strip that guides the drawer as it slides in or out.

Cabinet Soffit

Refers to the space between the top of the upper cabinets and the ceiling in kitchens.

Cabinet Wall

Refers to the wall to which the cabinets are mounted to.

Cane Bolt

Mounted on a swinging gate or door, this L-shaped rod drops into a pipe sleeve below the surface to secure a door or gate.

Cantilever

A structural shape or beam extending beyond the last point of support.

Cap Base

A wooden strip put on to the base of the wall to protect a wall’s surface, and finish off the intersection of the baseboard and the wall.

Cartouche

Simply an ornamental frame.

Case Joint

This type of joint is used in cabinetmaking. Two pieces of material are butted together at an angle and fastened by dowels.

Casement Window

A single-window unit hinged on the side and opening outward.

Casing Trim

The trim or molding forming the frame around a doors or window.

Cast Stone

Concrete cast in molds for decorative use in construction.

Caulking

A substance used in sealing gaps between surfaces. Commonly used in a kitchens and bathrooms. Caulking seals and protects against water leaks.

Cedar

An aromatic durable softwood used for its fragrance and ability to repel insects.

Cement Color

A colored powdered or liquid pigment that’s added to a mix to color concrete.

Cement Factor

The number of bags of cement per cubic yard of concrete.

Ceramic

A material made of clay and hardened permanently by heat

Chalk Line

Using a chalk reel, this line is used in construction. It’s made by snapping a chalked cord between two points.

Chamfer

A beveled surface that’s cut on the corner of a segment of wood.

Chamfering Strip

A segment of stock placed in an inside corner, producing a beveled edge.

Change Order

Any modification made to the original contract, including pricing, plans or blueprints. Change orders must be done in writing.

Chase

A groove or cavity cut into masonry to integrate electric or plumbing lines.

Cherry Veneer

A finished surface material consisting of a thin layer of cherry wood.

Chestnut Veneer

A finished surface material consisting of a thin layer of chestnut wood.

Chimney Brick

This brick withstands high temperatures without cracking and is ideal for use in the construction of chimneys.

Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride

This type of plastic is commonly used to make pipes that carry hot water and chemicals.

Chroma

The saturation, purity, or intensity of a color.

Circuit

The path of electric current from the main source.

Circuit Breaker

An over current protection device that regulates the amount of power flowing through a given circuit. This device can be found in the main electrical panel or in a circuit breaker box. It is also be used to shut off power to specific areas of the house.

Circuit Protector

An electrical device that opens an electrical circuit in the event of overload to protect operating equipment from damage.

Colorant

This is the dye or pigment used to tint paint.

Concrete

Commonly used in the construction of patios, sidewalks and much more, this hard building material is made by mixing a cementing material with sand and/or gravel with water.

Concrete Block

This hollow concrete masonry block is constructed of composite materials consisting of sand, cement, coarse aggregate and water.

Construction Contract

The legal agreement between the contractor and the homeowner outlining the details of the project, the work, timetables, cost details, payment schedules and allowances.

Construction Schedule

A timetable for each phase of the project.

Cycle Time

The time of a flush cycle for a toilet, beginning when the toilet lever is flushed and ending when the water shuts off.

Curtilage

The ground or yard that surrounds a house up to the boundary fence.


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Damper

A flap that controls or obstructs the flow of air or other gasses.

Datum

The fixed starting point for surveying or measuring.

Daylighting

Illuminating the interior of buildings with natural sunlight.

Dead Flat

Having no gloss at all, when referring to paint.

Deadening

Construction designed to prevent the transmittance of sound.

Deck Insulation

Before a flooring system is installed, these thin sheets of insulation are placed on concrete surfaces.

Designer

A skilled professional who designs houses and details of that residence. Includes interior design, landscaping and more.

Design Heat Load

Total heat loss from a building under the most severe conditions likely to happen.

Device Cover

A protective cover over an electrical box or device.

Diagonal Bracing

This form of bracing diagonally connects joints at separate levels.

Dimmer Switch

An electrical switch used to control the brightness of a light fixture.

Diverter

Valve used in plumbing fixtures, (such as faucets, showers, bathtubs), that divert water to different outlets.

Domestic Marble

A marble extracted from the country or area where the home in which it’s used is built.

Doodlebug

A divining device used to locate underground piping and conduits.

Door Buck 

Simply a door frame.

Door Header

A beam redirecting the weight or load from above a door to the side door studs.

Double Glazing

A window using two panes of glass. Double glazing helps to improve energy efficiency and insulation in homes.

Double Hung Window

Typically constructed of wood, this window is made up of two panels that slide vertically to open.

Drop-Sheet or Drop Cloth

Used to cover/protect furniture and floors during interior painting projects.

Drawer Roller

A device with a metal or fiber wheel rotating in a metal frame used in easing the sliding of a drawer open or shut.

Drawer Slides

A mechanism using guides and rollers to guide and support a drawer.

Drip Edge

A strip installed at roof eaves to force drops of water to drip clear of the side of a building.

Dry Rot

Thriving in moist and damp conditions, this fungus eats away at wood fibers.

Drywall

A manufactured plasterboard encased in a thin layer of cardboard used for wall surfaces. Usually comes in panels.

Duplex Paper

Wallpaper consisting of two separate papers pasted together. This paper is used to create an embossed effect.

Dutch Door

A door with two separate leaves, one above the other. This enables one to be open while the other is shut.


 

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Eased Edges

A slight rounding factory edge of the corners of a piece of finished lumber.

Eave Vent

An opening at the eave line, usually screened, that allows a free flow of ventilation air through the under roof area.

Eaves

A part of a roof extending beyond the walls below.

Eclectic

An architectural design that’s based on picking and choosing from diverse styles.

Economy Brick

A brick that’s larger than standard bricks.

Edge Joint

The place where two pieces of wood join together edge to edge.

Edge-Matched

Lumber that has been rabbeted on both edges to provide a close joint when fitting two pieces together.

Eggshell

A type of paint gloss closely resembling the luster of an egg shell. The sheen of eggshell is between flat and semi-gloss.

Elbow Catch

A spring-loaded device used for locking the inactive leaf of a pair of cabinet doors.

Elongated Bowl

This elongated type of toilet bowl is oval in shape and is usually 2″ longer than a round toilet bowl.

Enamel Paint

A type of paint that dries to a smooth, hard finish. Enamel comes in an assortment of finishes and glosses.

Energy Star

A program supported by the Environmental Protection Agency that acknowledges products that are energy efficient.

Epoxy Adhesive

An adhesive system using epoxy resin and epoxy hardener for bonding ceramic tile to other materials.

Epoxy Flooring

A resin that’s spread on flooring making a hard and tough surface.

Epoxy Terrazzo

An adhesive system using epoxy resin and epoxy hardener for bonding marble or other stone set in cement to a backup material.

Estimating

The process of figuring the cost of a project.

Expansion Joint

A joint whose purpose is to allow wood to contract and expand during temperature fluctuation.


 

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Fabrication

The construction or assembly of parts.

Facade

Refers to the exterior face of a building.

Face Brick

When selecting bricks, this one is picked on the basis of appearance and durability. Generally used in the exposed surface of walls.

Face Frame

In cabinetry it’s the front framework from which cabinet doors are hung and drawers are inserted.

Faced Wall

Type of wall in which the masonry facing and the backing are of different materials and bonded to act together under load.

Facet

A small flat surface.

Facing

Masonry composing an essential part of a wall used as a finished surface.

Falsework

Formwork and shoring for concrete that’s removed after the concrete cures.

Faucet

A valve for drawing water.

Faux Marble

Fake marble simulated by painting marble grains on a background of plaster, wood or metal.

Feng Shui

A Chinese cultural method for arranging and shaping buildings.

Ferroconcrete

Reinforced concrete.

Fiberboard

Also called Insulation Board, this prefabricated sheet of compressed wood is used in building.

Field Concrete

Concrete that’s mixed, placed, and cured on a job site.

Field Painting

Painting done at the job site.

Field Primed

First coat of paint applied on the job site rather than at the fabrication shop.

Fiberglass

The name for products made of or with glass in a fibrous form used to make various types of products including bathtubs.

Filigree

Fine metal ornamental work of gold, silver, or copper.

Filling In

Laying brick or other masonry units in the center of a wall, between the face and back.

Final Setting Time

Time required for concrete to achieve final set.

Finish Coat

A top or final coat.

Fixed Price Contract

This type of contract holds a set and agreed-upon price for the work.

Fixture

Typically in bathrooms and kitchens, fixtures include faucets, bathtubs, sinks and anything exterior to the wall.

Flat

A type of paint finish with virtually no gloss or shine.

Floor Area

Simply the square footage of a building or space.

Floor Plan

A drawing of a building showing the proposed design and specifications. Also shows windows, doors, walls and stairwells.

Frame Wall

A structural wall that is part of a building, made of studs, bottom and top plate, and a wall covering.

French Hinged Door

Hinged doors with multiple glass panes, extending for most of the door’s lengths.

Frieze

A decorative band, usually horizontal, that’s found on the interior or exterior of a home.

Finish Plaster

The final layer of plaster coating.

Finish Plywood

The finest grade of plywood.

Firebox

The part of a fireplace that contains the fire.

Fire Rated Brick

Brick that’s been tested for fire-resistance and graded for distinctive construction use. Usually suitable for use in masonry fireplaces, fireboxes and fire chambers.

Fish Eyes

Used to describe small blemishes sometimes found in lime finish coats and caused by lumpy lime.

Fish Tape

A steel tape contained in a reel and used to push through an electrical conduit and pull wire.

Fished Joint

An end butt splice reinforced by pieces nailed on the sides.

Fixture Carrier

Built into a wall, this mounting frame is built to support plumbing fixtures.

Flagstone

Also called a flag, this hard flat stone slab used for paving.

Flash Cove

When a sheet of flooring is turned up at the edge and finished against a wall to create a built-in baseboard.

Flat Finish

A dull finish with no gloss.

Flat Paint

Interior paint that when dry produces a flat finish.

Floor Brick

An abrasion resistant brick, smooth and dense, used for finishing floor surfaces.

Floor Masonry

Masonry units such as, tile, stone, ceramic brick and concrete used for finished flooring.

Floor Molding

A piece of trim located where the wall and floor meet.

Floor Slab

Reinforced concrete slab used as a floor.

Flowing Varnish

A varnish designed to produce a smooth glossy surface without polishing.

Flue Liner

Heat-resistant materials that make up the lining of a chimney.

Flue

An opening in a chimney through which smoke passes.

Flush Bolt

A bolt designed to be flush with the face or edge of a door.

Flush Molding

Piece of trim fastened flat or flush with a wall.

Flying Buttress

Masonry buttress that forms an arch with the wall it supports.

Formica

A brand name for the various laminated plastic products used for surface finish on cabinets.

Foyer

Lobby, entrance hallway or vestibule.

Frame High

Constructing brickwork up to the top of a door or window frame.

Fretwork

Ornamental openwork designs cut in woodwork with a fretsaw.

Fuse

An electrical safety device which regulates electricity when circuits are overloaded.


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Gabion

A wire cage that’s filled with stone and used in large scale retaining walls.

Gable

From the eaves to the apex of the roof, the vertical triangular wall beneath the end of a gable roof.

Gable Roof

Roof that consists of two opposite sloping planes that intersect at the level ridge.

Gable Vent

A screened opening in a gable, used to vent an attic.

Gallery

A roofed outdoor balcony.

Galvanized

Zinc plating for corrosion protection by hot dipping objects into molten zinc or by electrolysis.

Garret

An attic room.

Gate Post

Gate hinges are mounted on this vertical member in a fence system.

General Contract

An agreement that covers the work of general construction done by a prime contractor.

General Contractor

A company or individual that manages numerous types of construction and renovation projects. The prime contractor for general construction.

Generator

This machine converts mechanical energy into electrical energy.

Geotextile

Synthetic fabrics used in separating backfill materials for proper drainage. Commonly used in retaining walls and landscape design.

Girder

A very large beam that supports other beams.

Glass Mosaic Tiles

Usually in sizes not over two inches square, these tiles are made of glass and mounted on sheets of paper.

GFCI

Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter. These devices have their own built-in circuit breaker. They are intended to protect you from an electrical shock, such as dropping a hairdryer in the sink.

Gloss

A shiny, lustrous finish that reflects light. A finish, or shine of paint. This includes several kinds of gloss, such as flat, eggshell, low luster, semi-gloss, and high gloss.

Gloss Enamel

An enamel finishing material that forms a hard coating with smooth surfaces and high gloss.

Gloss Retention

The ability to retain the original sheen.

Gothic Arch

An arch which is pointed with a joint at the apex rather than a keystone.

GPF or Gallons Per Flush

A measurement that explains the water consumption for toilets.

Grade

Leveling off to a smooth horizontal or sloping surface.

Graining

Creating the appearance of wood grain on a surface by painting techniques, staining or paint colors.

Granite Paver

As stone which is harder and more durable than regular bricks. Commonly used for driveways and patios.

Granite Veneer

A masonry facing made from granite.

Granite

A natural occurring igneous rock with visible crystals of quartz and feldspar.

Green Brickwork

Brickwork in which mortar has not yet set.

Green Plaster

Plaster that has not yet dried.

Gremlin

A creature said to be responsible for malfunctions of equipment.

Gross

A quantity of 12 dozen or 144.

Ground Coat

The coating material applied before the graining colors or glazing coat.

Ground Color

Background color against which top colors create a pattern or figure in design.

Ground Cover

Low lying plants that cover the ground


Grounded

An connection between an electrical circuit and earth.

 Grout

A thin mortar used to fill spaces between floor or wall tiles.

Grouting

The process of filling tile joints, masonry blocks or any masonry products with grout.

Grubbing

Clearing and digging up roots and stumps.

Guest Room

A room designed to be occupied by a guest.

Gutter

A channel for collecting and diverting water from a roof.

Gypsum

A naturally occurring mineral and the main component of sheetrock or drywall. When heated gypsum forms plaster-of-Paris.

Gypsumboard

An interior panel composed of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces. Also referred to as Drywall, Plasterboard, or Sheetrock.


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Half Bath

A room that contains a toilet and a lavatory

Half Block

Concrete masonry unit that is half the length of standard units.

Hammer Loss

This test determines the impact resistance of gypsum board.

Hand Shower

A shower head connected to the water supply by a hose to be mobile. Used in bathtub showers.

Hardboard

A dense fiberboard made by pressing wood fibers together.

Hearth

The area on the floor in front of a fireplace, or the actual floor of the fireplace. Constructed usually of brick, stone or cement.


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I-Beam

Shaped like the letter I at its cross section, this type of beam is constructed of iron, steel or wood.

Impasto

A thick application of pigment applied to surfaces, making the painting stand out in bold relief.

Impervious Tile

Tile specified by a water absorption of 0.5 percent or less.

Imported Marble

Marble that’s shipped in from another country.

Improvements

Enhancements to the value of a property.

Increaser

A pipe fitting that enlarges from a smaller pipe to a larger pipe.

Indirect Luminaire

Lighting that delivers most of its light upward.

Industrial Paint

Typically this industrial paint is used in commercial environments. Highly durable and ultra-resistant to chemicals and environmental exposure.

Insulating Glass

A window or door that incorporates two or more panes of glass. Space between the panes are hermetically sealed.

Insulation

Usually placed within ceilings and walls, this material is used to prevent heat loss. Insulation helps to reduce heating and electricity bills.


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Jalousie Window

This window has stationary or adjustable blinds that are angled to permit airflow and provide shade, while preventing rain from entering.

Jamb

The vertical side of a door or window frame. Can be a vertical piece of wood or other material that lines the sides of door or window frames.

Jamb Anchor

A steel anchor used to fasten steel door frames to the wall or partition construction.

Jamb Block

Concrete masonry unit with a preformed slot to accept a window or door frame.

J-Box

An electrical junction box.

Jet

This toilet feature is designed to start the siphoning action quickly by directing water into the trap way. Also used in bathtubs to create a whirlpool.

Jobsite

A place where construction takes place.

Joint Compound

A material used in covering joints, corners and fasteners. Also called Spackle or Joint Cement.

Joint Reinforcing Tape

A type of paper, metal, fabric, glass mesh, or other material, generally used with a joint compound to reinforce the joints between adjacent gypsum boards.

Juxtaposition of Colors

Placing colors side by side that complement or contrast each other.

Juxtaposition

Placing of things side by side.


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Kerf

A cut made with a saw part way through a material. This is generally done to assist breaking to a desired shape.

Keyed Joint

A joint in which one structural member is keyed or notched into an adjoining member as in timber construction. In masonry construction, a finished joint of mortar which has been tooled concave.

Keystone

A wedge shaped middlemost stone at the top of an arch.

Kick Plate

Running along the bottom edge of a door, this metal plate or strip is installed to protect the finished surface.

Kitchen Cabinet

Mounted on walls or floors in a kitchen area, this case, box, or piece of furniture with sets of drawers or shelves, with doors, is primarily used for storage.

Kitchen Faucet

This plumbing fixture is found in the kitchen and used for drawing water.

Kitchen Sink

A basin found in the kitchen and connected to a drain.

Kitchen

A room for preparing food.

Knot

Usually visible on the surface of a plank of wood, knots are part of a tree’s limb or branch.


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Lacquer

A liquid made of shellac dissolved in alcohol drying to form a hard protective coating.

Lacunar

Ceiling made up of vaults or recessed panels.

Lacunaria

A recessed panel in a ceiling.

Lally Column

A hollow steel column, frequently filled with concrete.

Laminate

Forming a product by bonding two or more layers of materials together.

Laminated Wood

Product made by bonding layers of veneer or lumber with adhesives.

Landing

A level part of stairways between flights of stairs or at the end of a flight of stairs.

Landing Terrazzo

A staircase landing with terrazzo tiles mounted to its surface.

Landscape

Improving a site by modification of the terrain, the planting of trees, shrubs and ground cover.

Latex Paint

Paint that uses latex as a binder.

Linseed Oil

A drying oil, originating from flaxseed used in paint, lacquer and varnishes.

Low Consumption Toilet

A toilet designed to use a very small amount of water for each flush.


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Mahogany Veneer

A thin layer of straight-grained wood used for an outer finish or decoration.

Main Breaker

Main electrical service protective device where power enters a house or building.

Main Runners

The heaviest necessary supporting members in a suspended ceiling.

Make-Up Water

Fresh water that’s used to refill a swimming pool.

Manganese

A metallic chemical element that resembles iron but is not magnetic, contained in clay used for brick making.

Mantel

The entire finish around a fireplace.

Marble Flooring

This floor system uses marble for the finishing material.

Marble Tiles

Marble cut into tiles with a size of 12 inches square or less.

Marezzo

An imitation marble produced with Keenes cement. Color pigments are added.

Marquee

A canopy over an entrance.

Masking

Protecting areas that are not to be painted.

Masonry Brick

Bricks shaped and molded in various sizes and shapes.

Masonry Plaster

A plaster surface used on masonry.

Masonry

Brickwork, blockwork or stonework.

Mat Glaze

A ceramic glaze having a low gloss.

Matched Lumber

Lumber that’s edge-dressed and shaped to make a close tongue-and-groove joint.

Metal Furring

A length of metal channel attached to a wall to allow the attaching of finish materials to the wall.


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Nail Gun

A device that drives nails using compressed air.

Natural Clay Tile

This tile is made by either the dust-pressed method or the plastic method, from clays producing a dense body having a textured appearance.

Natural Finish

A transparent finish applied to wood for protection, that should not seriously change the original color of the wood or obscure grain pattern.

Natural Stone

Stone which is quarried and not manufactured.

Nogging

Filling brick between the roof rafters to make a building wind tight.

Non-Bearing Wall

A wall that carries no superimposed load and can be removed without any structural effect.

Non-Slip Tile

Tile that has greater non-slip characteristics.


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Oak Veneer

A thin layer of oak glued to an interior wood forming an ornamental facing available in white oak and red oak.

Oak

Known for it’s strength, a hard and heavy wood.

Ogive

A pointed arch.

Oil Stain

A wood stain containing oil-soluble dyes and solvents.

One-piece Toilet

Toilet in which the bowl and tank are manufactured together as one fixture, usually made of glass or china.

Opaque Glaze

A non-transparent glaze.

Opaque

Not transparent.

Orange Peel

A pitted texture that resembles the surface of rough orange peel.

Outline Lighting

Arranging lamps outline or call attention to features such as the shape of a building or the decoration of a window.


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Panel

Referring to the panels within a door frame or cabinet. Also a board that is set in a frame.

Payment Schedule

A schedule of payments. The contract usually describes at what point the customer will pay the contractor. Can include a deposit, periodic payments for materials, work performed and a final payment.

Permit

Authorization from city or state government officials to perform work. This can include zoning permits, plumbing permits, building permits, electrical permits, and others. Qualified inspections will also provide you with peace of mind that your project is being performed safely and up to proper codes.

Plywood

Common building material made of thin sheets of wood that have been pressed and glued together.

Pop-up Assembly

A drain mechanism controlled by a piece within a faucet that pushes the stopper either up or down.

Pressure Balance Valve

An important valve within shower plumbing that maintains a constant water temperature. Temperature remains constant despite changes in hot or cold water pressure.

Pressure Relief Valve

Used on a hot water heater or boiler. A device used to prevent the build-up of steam within the tank of a hot water heater, releasing steam when pressure reaches a certain threshold.

PVC

A type of pipe made of a white water-insoluble thermoplastic resin, typically used for water supply or plumbing.


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Quadruplex Cable

A four wire cable.

Quality Control

Ensuring quality in on-site construction.


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Remodeling Contractor

This remodeling contractor has expertise with simple and complex renovations, home additions, room and home expansions. Also specializes in larger, more involved home renovation projects.

Riser

An upright piece of a step that rests between one stair tread and the next.

Round-front Bowl

Standard shape of toilet bowls, about 2 inches shorter than an elongated bowl.

R-Value

A measure of thermal resistance that gauges the effectiveness of different types of home insulation.


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Schematic Drawing

Rough drawing of a building or room showing general size and shape of a space.

Scope of Work

Project description that includes comprehensive details describing the work to be completed.

Setback Thermostat

A thermostat that’s programmable and can be set to different temperatures at designated times of the day or week.

Single Glazing

Using single panes of glass in a window. Not as energy-efficient as double glazing.

Siphoning

Critical to the flushing of a toilet, it is the suction action that occurs in the trap-way of a toilet while being flushed.

Soffit

Underside part of a structure, such as a beam, eave, stairway, roof, or arch.

Specialty Contractor

A licensed contractor able to perform specialized types of jobs. This includes appliance installation, electrical, plumbing and more.

Subcontractor

General or Specialty contractor who works for another General contractor. Most general contractors hire subcontractors specializing in certain areas to work on specific portions of a given project.


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Three-way Switch

An electrical switch enabling you to turn fixtures on or off from two different locations.

Time & Materials Contract

A contract which itemizes the cost of labor, overhead and materials.

Tongue & Groove

A carpentry joint in which the jutting edge, or tongue, of one board fits into the grooved end, or groove, of another board.

Tread

Horizontal piece of a step.

Trim

Found around windows, doors, or the baseboard, this decorative woodwork is commonly used around the edges of a room or building.

Two-piece toilet

A standard toilet style that includes two pieces, the tank and bowl.


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Ultramarine

Vivid blue pigment that’s made from powdered lapis lazuli.

Umber

Natural earth pigment like ochre but browner and darker.

Unbuffed End

A serrated factory cut end.

Undercoat

Also called the base coat or primer, this layer of paint is applied before the topcoat.


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Vanity

A kind of storage cabinet for bathrooms that is located under the sink or counter.

Vessel

Style of sink/basin that’s not fully installed into a counter, sitting partially above the counter.



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Walkthrough

When the designer, contractor and architect meet at a project site to evaluate the project.

Water-saving Toilet

A toilet designed to use a very small amount of water for each flush.

Watt

The measure of the electrical requirement of any appliance or fixture.

Weather-Stripping

Sealing openings or cracks around windows and doors with metal, wood or plastic materials to prevent air and water from getting in.


 

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Xanthic

Containing yellow or having reference to yellow color.

Xylene

Solvent acquired from coal tar, wood tar or petroleum.

Xylography

This an art of making engravings on wood.


 

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Yard

Unit of measure equal to 3 feet or 36 inches. Also an allotment of enclosed ground.

Yard Lumber

In a lumber yard, this is run of the mill lumber.

Yellow Ochre

Used in paint, referring to an earthy pigment made from impure iron ore.


 

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Zinc Sulphide

A compound of zinc used as white pigment in some paints.

Zoning

Governmental specifications detailing how certain property may be used.

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